A fact about India

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Hi

Some useful info about our country.

•       Chess was invented in India.
•       India has the largest number of Post Offices in the world.
•       India never invaded any country in last 100000 years of history.
•       Yoga has its origins in India and has existed for over 5,000 years
•       Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus are studies, which originated in India.
•       The ‘Place Value System’ and the ‘Decimal System’ were developed in India in 100 B.C.
•       The largest employer in the world is the Indian Railways, employing over a million people.
•       Until 1896, India was the only source of diamonds in the world (Source : Gemological Institute of America).
•       India is the largest democracy in the world, the 6th largest Country in the world, and one of the most ancient civilizations.
•       Ayurveda is the earliest school of medicine known to mankind. The Father of Medicine, Charaka, consolidated Ayurveda 2500 years ago.
•       The world’s highest cricket ground is in Chail, Himachal Pradesh. Built in 1893 after leveling a hilltop, this cricket pitch is 2444 meters above sea level.
•       The four religions born in India – Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism, are followed by 25% of the world’s population.
•       There are 300,000 active mosques in India, more than in any other country, including the Muslim world.
•       Jainism and Buddhism were founded in India in 600 B.C. and 500 B.C. respectively.
      Islam is India’s and the world’s second largest religion.
•       India exports software to 90 countries.
•       Martial Arts were first created in India, and later spread to Asia by Buddhist missionaries.
•       Jews and Christians have lived continuously in India since 200 B.C. and 52 A.D. respectively

      The largest religious building in the world is Angkor Wat, a
Hindu Temple in Cambodia built at the end of the 11th century.
•       Sikhism originated in the Holy city of Amritsar in Punjab. Famous for housing the Golden Temple, the city was founded in 1577.

      The oldest European church and synagogue in India are in the city
of Cochin. They were built in 1503 and 1568 respectively.
•       Varanasi, also known as Benaras, was called “the Ancient City”
when Lord Buddha visited it in 500 B.C., and is the oldest,
continuously inhabited city in the world today.

      India provides safety for more than 300,000 refugees originally
from Sri Lanka, Tibet, Bhutan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, who escaped
to flee religious and political persecution.
•       His Holiness, the Dalai Lama, the exiled spiritual leader of
Tibetan Buddhists, runs his government in exile from Dharmashala in
northern India.

      When many cultures were only nomadic forest dwellers over 5000
years ago, Indians established Harappan culture in Sindhu Valley (Indus
Valley Civilization)
•       The name ‘India’ is derived from the River Indus, the valleys
around which were the home of the early settlers. The Aryan worshippers
referred to the river Indus as the Sindhu.

      The Persian invaders converted it into Hindu. The name
`Hindustan’ combines Sindhu and Hindu and thus refers to the land of
the Hindus.
•       The World’s First Granite Temple is the Brihadeswara Temple at
Tanjavur, Tamil Nadu. The shikhara of the temple is made from a single
80-tonne piece of granite. This magnificent temple was built in just
five years, (between 1004 AD and 1009 AD) during the reign of Rajaraja
Chola.
•       The game of Snakes & Ladders was created by the 13th
century poet saint Gyandev. It was originally called ‘Mokshapat’. The
ladders in the game represented virtues and the snakes indicated vices.
The game was played with cowrie shells and dices. In time, the game
underwent several modifications, but its meaning remained the same,
i.e. good deeds take people to heaven and evil to a cycle of re-births.
•       The world’s first university was established in Takshila in 700
BC. More than 10,500 students from all over the world studied more than
60 subjects. The University of Nalanda built in the 4th century was one
of the greatest achievements of ancient India in the field of education.
•       India was one of the richest countries till the time of British
rule in the early 17th Century. Christopher Columbus, attracted by
India’s wealth, had come looking for a sea route to India when he
discovered America by mistake.
•       The Art of Navigation & Navigating was born in the river
Sindh over 6000 years ago. The very word Navigation is derived from the
Sanskrit word ‘NAVGATIH’. The word navy is also derived from the
Sanskrit word ‘Nou’.
•       Bhaskaracharya rightly calculated the time taken by the earth
to orbit the Sun hundreds of years before the astronomer Smart.
According to his calculation, the time taken by the Earth to orbit the
Sun was 365.258756484 days.
•       The value of “pi” was first calculated by the Indian
Mathematician Budhayana, and he explained the concept of what is known
as the Pythagorean Theorem. He discovered this in the 6th century, long
before the European mathematicians.
•       Algebra, Trigonometry and Calculus also originated in India.
Quadratic Equations were used by Sridharacharya in the 11th century.
The largest numbers the Greeks and the Romans used were 106 whereas
Hindus used numbers as big as 10*53 (i.e. 10 to the power of 53) with
specific names as early as 5000 B.C. during the Vedic period. Even
today, the largest used number is Terra: 10*12(10 to the power of 12).
•       The Baily Bridge is the highest bridge in the world. It is
located in the Ladakh valley between the Dras and Suru rivers in the
Himalayan mountains. It was built by the Indian Army in August 1982.

      Sushruta is regarded as the Father of Surgery. Over 2600 years
ago Sushrata & his team conducted complicated surgeries like
cataract, artificial limbs, cesareans, fractures, urinary stones,
plastic surgery and brain surgeries.
•       Usage of anaesthesia was well known in ancient Indian medicine.
Detailed knowledge of anatomy, embryology, digestion, metabolism,
physiology, etiology, genetics and immunity is also found in many
ancient Indian texts.
•       The Vishnu Temple in the city of Tirupathi built in the 10th
century, is the world’s largest religious pilgrimage destination.
Larger than either Rome or Mecca, an average of 30,000 visitors donate
$6 million (US) to the temple everyday.

“We owe a lot to the
Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile
scientific discovery could have been made!” –  Albert Einstein (Theoretical Physicist, Germany)

“India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human
speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great
grand mother of tradition. Our most valuable and most artistic
materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only!”  –       Mark Twain (Writer, America)

“If there is one place on the face of earth where all the dreams of
living men have found a home from the very earliest days when man began
the dream of existence, it is India!”
–       Romaine Rolland (French scholar)

“She (India) has left indelible imprints on one fourth of the human
race in the course of a long succession of centuries. She has the right
to reclaim … her place amongst the great nations summarizing and
symbolizing the spirit of humanity. From Persia to the Chinese sea,
from the icy regions of Siberia to Islands of Java and Borneo, India
has propagated her beliefs, her tales, and her civilization!”  –       Sylvia Levi (French Scholar)

“Civilizations have arisen in other parts of the world. In ancient
and modern times, wonderful ideas have been carried forward from one
race to another…But mark you, my friends, it has been always with the
blast of war trumpets and the march of embattled cohorts. Each idea had
to be soaked in a deluge of blood….. Each word of power had to be
followed by the groans of millions, by the wails of orphans, by the
tears of widows. This, many other nations have taught; but India for
thousands of years peacefully existed. Here activity prevailed when
even Greece did not exist… Even earlier, when history has no record,
and tradition dares not peer into the gloom of that intense past, even
from until now, ideas after ideas have marched out from her, but every
word has been spoken with a blessing behind it and peace before it. We,
of all nations of the world, have never been a conquering race, and
that blessing is on our head, and therefore we live….!”  –       Swami Vivekanand (Indian Philosopher)

“If I were asked under what sky the human mind has most fully
developed some of its choicest gifts, has most deeply pondered on the
greatest problems of life, and has found solutions, I should point to
India”       – Max Mueller (German Scholar)

“India conquered and dominated China culturally for 20 centuries
without ever having to send a single soldier across her border.”   –     Hu Shih (Former Ambassador of China to USA)

“There
are some parts of the world that, once visited, get into your heart and
won’t go. For me, India is such a place. When I first visited, I was
stunned by the richness of the land, by its lush beauty and exotic
architecture, by its ability to overload the senses with the pure,
concentrated intensity of its colors, smells, tastes, and sounds. It
was as if all my life I had been seeing the world in black and white
and, when brought face-to-face with India, experienced everything
re-rendered in brilliant technicolor.”  –   Keith Bellows (Editor-in-chief, National Geographic Society)


 

Official Name

Bharat (Hindi), Republic of India (English)

Capital

New Delhi

 

Area

3.3 million square kilometers

Geographical Location

Lies between latitudes 8 ° 4′ and 37 ° 6 ‘ north and longitudes 68 ° 7 ‘ and 97° 25’ east

Coastline Length

7600 km

Languages

India
has two National languages (Central administrative). They are English
(associate official) and Hindi (in the Devanagiri script). The Indian
Constitution also officially recognizes 22 regional languages.

Major Religions

Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Buddhism, Sikhism, Jainism

Literacy

65.38%

 

National Anthem

Jan gana mana written by Rabindranath Tagore

National Song

Vande Mataram, composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji

National Emblem

Replica of the Lion Capital of Sarnath

National Flag

Horizontal
tricolor in equal proportion of deep saffron on the top, white in the
middle and dark green at the bottom. In the center of the white band is
a wheel in navy blue color

National Animal

Tiger (Panthera tigris)

National Bird

Peacock

National Flower

Lotus

National Tree

Banyan

National Fruit

Mango

National Currency

Rupee (One Rupee=100 paise)

National Sport

Hockey

 


 

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9 responses »

  1. Thanks for sharing! But

    The four religions born in India – Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism, are followed by 25% of the world’s population.
    It is not an achievement. Indians are 1.5 milliard. It is 25% of human population 😀

    The Art of Navigation & Navigating was born in the river Sindh over 6000 years ago.
    It’s strange and dubious fact. Why do they need navigation on the river?

  2. A very well compiled list indeed .. must congratulate u for that … but look @ all the achievements that u mentioned .. they are all traditional, cultural and historical … no doubt, India had produced the greatest civilization in the days when the very fathers of modern Europeans and Americans roamed in some forests … however, the latest achievement in this wonderfully compiled list is from 1982 … we need to be proud of our past, no doubt, but make sure that we dont close our eyes to the present by ctsly peeping into past …

  3. “India never invaded any country in last 100000 years of history.”

    Its not true. King Rajendra chola invaded Malaysia and Indonesia in 1025 CE.

  4. Shishir

    Sorry but I can’t agree with you. Unfortunately present-day India has not much in common with ancient India. Like present-day Egyptians don’t bear any relation to pyramids. They only live there. Indians also live on ruins on ancient civilization. I was in India last year and I met a lot of kind and friendly people but I also saw much poverty and ignorance.

  5. Pingback: A fact about India < Read what Young Indians Read

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